The first demonstrations took place in central Tunisia in Decembercatalyzed by the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizia year-old street vendor protesting his treatment by local officials. The Tunisian government attempted to end the unrest by using violence against street demonstrations and by offering political and economic concessions. Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali to step down and flee the country in January In OctoberTunisians participated in a free election to choose members of a council tasked with drafting a new constitution.
The participants in these grassroots movements sought increased social freedoms and greater participation in the political process.
However, in some cases, these protests morphed into full-scale civil wars, as evidenced in countries such as Libya, Syria and Yemen. Arab Spring Aftermath While the uprising in Tunisia led to some improvements in the country from a human-rights perspective, not all of the nations that witnessed such social and political upheaval in the spring of changed for the better.
Most notably, in Egypt, where early changes arising from the Arab Spring gave many hope after the ouster of President Hosni Mubarakauthoritarian rule has apparently returned.
Following the controversial election of Mohamed Morsi ina coup led by defense minister Abdel Fattah Arab spring installed the latter as president inand he remains in power today. Muammar Gaddafi In Libya, meanwhile, authoritarian dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown in Octoberduring a violent civil war, and he was tortured literally dragged through the streets and executed by opposition fighters.
Video footage of his death was seen by millions online. This has contributed, in part, to the ongoing worldwide refugee crisis, which has seen thousands flee Libya, most often by boat across the Mediterranean Sea, with hopes of new opportunities in Europe.
Bashar al Assad Similarly, the civil war that began in Syria in the aftermath of the Arab Spring lasted for several years, forcing many to leave the country to seek refuge in Turkey, Greece and throughout Western Europe. The group executed thousands of people, and many others fled the region in fear of their lives.
Yet, although ISIS has largely been defeated in Syria, the oppressive regime of long-time dictator Bashar al Assad remains in power in the country.
In addition, the ongoing civil war in Yemen can also be traced to the Arab Spring. And in Bahrain, peaceful pro-democracy protests in the capital Manama in and were violently suppressed by the government of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa.
Officially, the country has a constitutional monarchy form of government, but personal freedoms remain limited. The plight of the Bahraini people was dramatically portrayed in the documentary Shouting in the Darkwhich was released in Mohammed Bouazizi sets himself on fire outside a local government office in an act of protest after being arrested by police for not having a permit to run a vegetable stall.
Street protests begin soon after his death throughout the country. The first coordinated mass protests are held in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Egypt. Pro-democracy protests begin in Syria.
Police beat thousands of pro-democracy protesters in Morocco. Rebels in Libya launch battle to take control of Tripoli. Libyan dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is captured by rebels, tortured and killed.
Tunisia holds first democratic parliamentary elections. Yemen dictator Ali Abdullah Saleh signs a power-sharing agreement. He resigns altogether in February and is later killed, inwhile the country is still engulfed in a civil war. Egypt holds first democratic elections for parliament. In JuneMorsi is elected president, but is removed from power by coup in July Sources The Arab Spring: The Uprising and Its Significance.
A Year of Revolution. Shouting in the Dark. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad:Mar 23, · Get today's live news on Arab Spring: current events, photos, infographics and Al Jazeera's exclusive stories from eyewitnesses.
Oct 11, · Arab Spring refers to the democratic uprisings that arose independently and spread across the Arab world in The movement originated in Tunisia in December and quickly took hold in Egypt, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan. Dec 17, · A year ago, a Tunisian fruit-seller set himself on fire after being humiliated by a police officer.
The event set off uprisings across North Africa and the Middle East known as the Arab Spring. Arab Spring: Arab Spring, wave of pro-democracy protests and uprisings that took place in the Middle East and North Africa beginning in and , challenging some of the region’s entrenched authoritarian regimes.
Demonstrators expressing political and economic grievances faced violent crackdowns by their. This guide lists online and print sources for what has become known as the "Arab Spring," the popular revolutionary wave in the Middle East .
The Fires of Spring: A Post-Arab Spring Journey Through the Turbulent New Middle East - Turkey, Iraq, Qatar, Jordan, Egypt, and Tunisia Apr 19,