Biografie[ bewerken ] Over de afkomst van de familie van Averroes is niet veel bekend. Er wordt getwijfeld over zijn Arabische of Berberse afkomst.
Biography Ibn Rushd was born in Cordova, Spain, to a family with a long and well-respected tradition of legal and public service. His grandfather, the influential Abdul-Walid Muhammad d.
The earliest biographers and Muslim chroniclers speak little about his education in science and philosophy, where most interest from Western scholarship in him lies, but note his propensity towards the law and his life as a jurist. It is generally believed that Ibn Rushd was influenced by the philosophy of Ibn Bajjah Avempaceand perhaps was once tutored by him.
His medical education was Ibn rushid under Abu Jafar ibn Harun of Trujillo. His aptitude for medicine was noted by his Ibn rushid and can be seen in his major enduring work Kitab al-Kulyat fi al-Tibb Generalities This book, together with Kitab al-Taisir fi al-Mudawat wa al-Tadbir Particularities written by Abu Marwan Ibn Zuhr, became the main medical textbooks for physicians in the Jewish, Christian and Muslim worlds for centuries to come.
The Almohads, like the Almoravids they had supplanted, were a Northwest African Kharijite-influenced Berber reform movement.
Founded in the theology of Ibn Tumartwho emphasized divine unity and the idea of divine promise and threat, he believed that a positive system of law could co-exist with a rational and practical theology. This led to the concept that law needed to be primarily based on revelation instead of the traditions of the jurists.
It was Ibn Tufayl who introduced Ibn Rushd to the ruler. The prince was impressed by the young philosopher and employed him first as chief judge and later as chief physician.
Despite this tendency, public pressure against perceived liberalizing tendencies in the government led to the formal rejection of Ibn Rushd and his writings in He was exiled to Lucena, a largely Jewish village outside of Cordoba, his writings were banned and his books burned.
This period of disgrace did not last long, however, and Ibn Rushd returned to Cordoba two years later, but died the following year.
Ibn Rushd wrote on many subjects, including law and medicine. In law he outshone all his predecessors, writing on legal methodology, legal pronouncements, sacrifices and land taxes. Besides his own philosophical and theological work, Ibn Rushd wrote extensive commentaries on the texts of a wide range of thinkers.
These commentaries provide interesting insights into how Ibn Rushd arrived at certain positions and how much he was authentically Aristotelian. Each expanded his examination of the originals and their interpretations by other commentators, such as Alexander of Aphrodisias, Themistius and Ibn Bajjah, The various versions were meant for readers with different levels of understanding.
Of course, Ibn Rushd did not shy away from inserting his own thoughts into his commentaries, and his short paraphrase commentaries were often flexible interpretations. At times, in an effort to explain complex ideas in Aristotle, Ibn Rushd would rationalize the philosopher in directions that would not seem authentic to contemporary interpreters of Aristotle.
Philosophy and Religion Until the eighth century, and the rise of the Mutazilite theology, Greek philosophy was viewed with suspicion. Despite the political support given to philosophy because of the Mutazilites and the early philosophers, a strong anti-philosophical movement rose through theological schools like the Hanbalites and the Asharites.
These groups, particular the latter, gained public and political influence throughout the tenth and eleventh century Islamic world.
These appealed to more conservative elements within society, to those who disliked what appeared to be non-Muslim influences.
Ibn Rushd, who served a political dynasty that had come into power under a banner of orthodox reform while privately encouraging the study of philosophy, was likely sensitive to the increasing tensions that eventually led to his banishment.
Though written before his exile his Decisive Treatise provides an apologetic for those theologians who charged philosophers with unbelief.
Ibn Rushd begins with the contention that Law commands the study of philosophy.To Ibn Ṭufayl’s younger friend Averroës (Ibn Rushd, flourished 12th century) belongs the distinction of presenting a solution to the problem of the relation between philosophy and the Islamic community in the West, a solution meant to .
The Arabic philosophical fable Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a classic of medieval Islamic barnweddingvt.com Tufayl (d. ), the Andalusian philosopher, tells of a child raised by a doe on an equatorial island who grows up to discover the truth about the world and his own place in it, unaided—but also unimpeded—by society, language, or tradition.
Abū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn ʾAḥmad Ibn Rushd; – 11 December ), often Latinized as Averroes (/ ə ˈ v ɛr oʊ iː z /), was a Muslim Andalusian philosopher and thinker who wrote about many subjects, including philosophy, theology, medicine, astronomy, .
To Ibn Ṭufayl’s younger friend Averroës (Ibn Rushd, flourished 12th century) belongs the distinction of presenting a solution to the problem of the relation between philosophy and the Islamic community in the West, a solution meant to be legally valid, theologically sound, and.
Early life. Averroës was born into a distinguished family of jurists at Córdoba and died at Marrakech, the. Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (—) Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Rushd, better known in the Latin West as Averroes, lived during a unique period in Western intellectual history, in which interest in philosophy and theology was waning in the Muslim world and just beginning to flourish in Latin Christendom.
IBN RUSHD. ABU’L WALID MUHAMMAD () Ibn Rushd (Averroes) is regarded by many as the most important of the Islamic philosophers.
A product of twelfth-century Islamic Spain, he set out to integrate Aristotelian philosophy with Islamic thought.