The process of mummification

Guanche mummies The mummies of the Canary Islands belong to the indigenous Guanche people and date to the time before 14th Century Spanish explorers settled in the area. All deceased people within the Guanche culture were mummified during this time, though the level of care taken with embalming and burial varied depending on individual social status.

The process of mummification

Mummification Step by Step

Mummification The ancient Egyptians believed in the resurrection of the body and life everlasting. This belief was rooted in what they observed each day.

The sun fell into the western horizon each evening and was reborn the next morning in the east. New life sprouted from grains planted in the earth, and the moon waxed and waned. As long as order was maintained, everything was highly dependable and life after death could be achieved provided certain conditions were met.

For example, the body had to be preserved through mummification and given a properly furnished tomb with everything needed for life in the afterworld. Mummification, the preservation of the body, was described in the ancient Pyramid Texts.

With the death of Osirisgod of the dead, the cosmos fell into chaos and the tears of the gods turned into materials used to mummify his body. These materials included honey, resins and incense. Before mummification evolved, the corpse was placed in a sleeping fetal position and put into a pitalong with personal items such as clay pots and jewellery.

The pit was covered with sand, which absorbed all the water from the body, thus preserving it.

Mummification Step by Step • A Step by Step guide to Egyptian Mummification • MyLearning

Burial pits were eventually lined with mud bricks and roofed over, and the deceased were wrapped in animal skins or interred in pottery, basket ware or wooden coffins.

With these "improvements", decay was hastened because the body no longer came in contact with the hot sand. To solve this problem, the internal organs of the deceased were removed and drying agents were used to mummify the body.

The human-headed Imsety looked after the liver; Hapy, a baboon, guarded the lungs; Duamutef, a jackal, protected the stomach; and Qebehsenuef, a falcon, cared for the intestines.

During the Old Kingdomit was believed that only pharaohs could attain immortality. But since mummification was expensive, only the wealthy were able to take advantage of it.

Although mummification was not a strict requirement for resurrection in the next world, it was certainly regarded as a highly desirable means of attaining it. The prayers in the Book of the Dead were intended to help the deceased make a successful transition to the afterlife.

The art of mummification was perfected in the Third Intermediate Period B. Late Periodthe Greek historian Herodotus documented the process: Next, the flank is slit open. The cavity is then thoroughly cleansed and washed out.

Guardians of the Internal Organs

Then it is filled with pure crushed myrrh, cassia, and all other aromatic substances, except frankincense. A compound of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate salt and baking sodanatron essentially dried out the corpse. Obtained from dried-up river beds, it was packed around and inside the body in linen bags, and left for 35 to 40 days to draw moisture out of the tissues.

By removing the organs and packing the internal cavity with dry natron, the body tissues were preserved. The body was filled with Nile mud, sawdust, lichen and cloth scraps to make it more flexible.

Small cooking onions or linen pads were sometimes used to replace the eyes. Beginning in the third dynasty, the internal organs lungs, stomach, liver and intestines were removed, washed with palm wine and spices, and stored in four separate canopic jars made of limestone, calcite or clay.

Prior to this, the abdominal contents were removed, wrapped and buried in the floor of the tomb. However, the heart was left in the body because it was considered the centre of intelligence.Egyptian Mummification Egyptian embalmers were so skilled that people mummified four thousand years ago still have skin, hair and recognizable features such as scars and tattoos.

The word mummy comes from the Arabic mummiya, meaning bitumen or coal and every Egyptian, except the most abject criminal, was entitled to be embalmed and receive a decent burial. The process of mummification has two stages. First, the embalming of the body. Then, the wrapping and burial of the body.


The process of mummification

Read about the embalming of the body Wrapping. Read about the wrapping and burial of the body Story. Explore.

The process of mummification

Challenge. Staff Room. An important man has died and his body needs to be prepared for burial. The process of mummification has two stages. First, the embalming of the body. Then, the wrapping and burial of the body.

The Mummification Process The ancient Egyptians developed a sophisticated method to preserve a dead body for the afterlife: mummification. First, the internal organs were removed and all moisture from the body was eliminated. Mummification is a process in which the skin and flesh of a corpse can be preserved.

The process can occur either naturally, or it can be intentional. The process can occur either naturally, or it . The mummification process took seventy days. Special priests worked as embalmers, treating and wrapping the body.

Beyond knowing the correct rituals and prayers to be performed at various stages, the priests also needed a detailed knowledge of human anatomy.

Museum of Science : Ancient Egypt Science & Technology : Exploration